Surgical gown fabric is a kind of medical protective fabric, which mainly focuses on the protective performance. Protective properties include the ability to prevent penetration of liquids and microorganisms. In the process of medical treatment, medical staff will inevitably come into contact with the patient's blood and body fluids, which are often easy to carry HBV (hepatitis B virus), HCV (hepatitis C virus) and HIV pathogens.
Due to the hair, particles and other pathogens that are easy to carry on the surface of the ordinary surgical gown, it is easy to endanger the safety of the patient. The sterile surgical gown also makes the operator more clean and tidy, and it is not easy to produce dander or dust. At the same time, good protective clothing should consider the tension and wear resistance of the fabric, because the breakage and damage of the clothing will cause the bacteria to directly contact the skin of the medical staff, and the surgical gown will be useless. In addition, the patient's blood will be splattered during the operation, so the surgical gown must also have certain adsorption and water pressure resistance. In addition, the surgical gown should also meet the requirements of comfort, flame retardancy, antistatic properties and so on.
The performance of medical surgical gown mainly includes: barrier performance, comfort performance.
The barrier performance mainly refers to the protective performance of the surgical gown. The evaluation methods include hydrostatic pressure, water test, impact penetration, spray, blood penetration and microbial penetration, and particle filtration efficiency.
Comfortable properties include: breathability, water vapor permeability, drape, quality, surface thickness, electrostatic properties, color, reflectivity, odor and skin sensitization, as well as design and process effects. The main evaluation indicators are air permeability, moisture permeability, and charge density.